English translation by Subhash C . Kak. For earlier translations see Jaideva Singh (1979) and Dyczkowski (1992). Note that Jaideva Singh has 77 sutras whereas Dyczkowski has 79; for the reason why the canonical text is likely to have had 78 sutras see Kak (1994). *1- Universal consciousness 1-1 Consciousness is the self. 1-2 (Ordinary) knowledge consists of associations. 1-3 Sets of axioms generate structures. 1-4 The ground of knowledge is mat\drka. 1-5 The upsurge (of consciousness) is Bhairava. 1-6 By union with the energy centers one withdraws from the universe. 1-7 Even during waking, sleep, and deep sleep one can experience the fourth state (transcending consciousness). 1-8 (Sensory) knowledge is obtained in the waking state. 1-9 Dreaming is free ranging of thoughts. 1-10 Deep sleep is maya, the irrational. 1-11 The experiencer of the three states is the lord of the senses. 1-12 The domain of the union is an astonishment. 1-13 The power of the will is the playful uma. 1-14 The observed has a structure. 1-15 By fixing the mind on its core one can comprehend perceivable and emptiness. 1-16 Or by contemplating the pure principle one is free of the power that binds (to associations). 1-17 Right discernment is the knowledge of the self. 1-18 The bliss of the sight is the joy of samadhi. 1-19 The body emerges when the energies unite. 1-20 Elements unite, elements separate, and the universe is gathered. 1-21 Pure knowledge leads to a mastery of the wheel (of energies). 1-22 The great lake (of space-time) is experienced through the power of mantra. *2- The emergence of innate knowledge 2-1 The mind is mantra. 2-2 Effort leads to attainment. 2-3 The secret of mantra is the being of the body of knowledge. 2-4 The emergence of the mind in the womb is the forgetting of common knowledge. 2-5 When the knowledge of one's self arises one moves in the sky of consciousness---the Shiva's state. 2-6 The guru is the means. 2-7 The awakening of the wheel of mat\drka (the elemental energies). 2-8 The body is the oblation. 2-9 The food is knowledge. 2-10 With the extinction of knowledge emerges the vision of emptiness. *3- The transformations of the individual 3-1 The mind is the self. 3-2 (Material) knowledge is bondage (association). 3-3 Maya is the lack of discernment of the principles of transformation. 3-4 The transformation is stopped in the body. 3-5 The quieting of the vital channels, the mastery of the elements, the withdrawal from the elements, and the separation of the elements. 3-6 Perfection is through the veil of delusion. 3-7 Overcoming delusion and by boundless extension innate knowledge is achieved. 3-8 Waking is the second ray (of consciousness). 3-9 The self is the actor. 3-10 The inner self is the stage. 3-11 The senses are the spectators. 3-12 The pure state is achieved by the power of the intellect. 3-13 Freedom (creativity) is achieved. 3-14 As here so elsewhere. 3-15 Emission (of consciousness) is the way of nature and so what is not external is seen as external. 3-16 Attention to the seed. 3-17 Seated one sinks effortlessly into the lake (of consciousness). 3-18 The measure of consciousness fashions the world. 3-19 As (limited) knowledge is transcended, birth is transcended. 3-20 Maheshvari and other mothers (sources) of beings reside in the sound elements. 3-21 The fourth (state of consciousness) should be used to oil the (other) three (states of consciousness). 3-22 Absorbed (in his nature), one must penetrate (the phonemes) with one's mind. 3-23 The lower plane arises in the center (of the phoneme). 3-24 A balanced breathing leads to a balanced vision. 3-25 What was destroyed rises again by the joining of perceptions with the objects of experience. 3-26 He becomes like Shiva. 3-27 The activity of the body is the vow. 3-28 The recitation of the mantras is the discourse. 3-29 Self-knowledge is the boon. 3-30 He who is established is the means and knowledge. 3-31 The universe is teh aggregate of his powers. 3-32 Persistence and absorption. 3-33 Even when this (maintenance and dissolution) there is no break (in awareness) due to the perceiving subjectivity. 3-34 The feeling of pleasure and pain is external. 3-35 The one who is free of that is alone (with consciousness). 3-36 A mass of delusion the mind is subject to activity. 3-37 When separateness is gone, action can lead to creation. 3-38 The power to create is based on one's own experience. 3-39 That which precedes the three (states of consciousness) vitalizes them. 3-40 The same stability of mind (should permeate) the body, senses and external world. 3-41 Craving leads to the extroversion of the inner process. 3-42 When established in pure awareness, (the craving) is destroyed and the (empirical) individual ceases to exist. 3-43 Although cloaked in the elements one is not free, but, like the lord, one is supreme. 3-44 The link with the vital breath is natural. 3-45 Concentrating on the center within the nose, what use are the left and the right channels or su\dsumna? 3-46 May (the individual) merge (in the lord) once again.