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Saturday 19 September 2009

Nobel Prize Winners

Nobel Prize Winners Physics

Year Name Nations
1901 Wilhelm C.Roentgen Germany
1902 Hendrik A.Lorentz & Pieter Zeeman Dutch
1903 Antoine Henri Becquerel, Pierre Curie and Marie Curie France
1904 John W. Strutt, Lord Rayleigh Britain
1905 Philipp E.A.Von Lenard Germany
1906 Sir. Joseph J.Thomson Britain
1907 Albert A.Michelson U.S
1908 Gabriel Lippmann Franch
1909 Carl F. Braun
Guglielmo Marconi Germany
Italy
1910 Johannes D. Van der Waals Dutch
1911 Wilhelm Wien Germany
1912 Nils G. Dalen Sweden
1913 Heike kamerlingh Onnes Dutch
1914 Max von Laue Germany
1915 Sir William H. Bragg, Sir William H. Bragg Britain
1917 Charles G. Barkla Britain
1918 Max K.E.L. Planck Germany
1919 Johnnes Stark Germany
1920 Charles E.Guillaume France
1921 Albert Einstein Germany - U.S.
1922 Niels Bohr Danish
1923 Robert A. Millikan U.S
1924 Karl M.G. Siegbahn Sweden
1925 James Franck, Gustav Hertz Germany
1926 Jean B. Perrin France
1927 Arthur H.Compton
Charles T.R Wilson U.S
Britain
1928 Owen W. Richardson Britain
1929 Prince Louis-victor de Broglie France
1930 Sir Chandrasekhara V. Raman India
1932 Werner Heisenberg Germany
1933 Paul A.M. Dirac
Erwin Schrodinger Britain
Australia
1935 Sir James Chadwick Britain
1936 Carl D. Anderson
Victor F. Hess U.S
Australia
1937 Cliton J. Davisson
Sir Geroge P. Thomson U.S.
Britain
1938 Enrico Fermi Italy
U.S
1939 Ernest O. Lawrence U.S.
1943 Otto Stern U.S
1944 Isidor Issac Rabi U.S.
1945 Wolfgang Pauli U.S
1946 Percy Williams Bridgman U.S.
1947 Sir Edward V. Appleton Britain
1948 Patrick M.S.Blackett Britain
1949 Hideki Yukawa Japan
1950 Cecil f. Powell Britain
1951 Sir John D. Cockroft
Ernest T.S.Walton Britain
Iran
1952 Felix Bloch
Edward M. Purcell U.S
1953 Frits Zernike Dutch
1954 Max Born
Walter Bothe Britain
Germany
1955 Polykarp Kusch,
Willis E.Lamb U.S
1956 John Bardeen
Walter H. Brattain
William Shockley U.S
1957 Tsung-dao-Lee
Chenning Yang U.S
1958 Pavel Cherenkov
Ilya Frank,
Igor Y. Tamm USSR
1959 Owen Chamberlain
Emilio G.Segre U.S
1960 Donald A. Glaser U.S
1961 Robert Hofstadter
Rudolf L. Mossbauer U.S
Germany
1962 Lev. D. Landau USSR
1963 Maria Goeppert-Mayer, Eugene P. Wigner
J. Hans D. Jensen U.S

Germany
1964 Nikolai G. Basov, aleksander M. Prochorov
Charles H. Townes USSR
U.S
1965 Richard P. Feynman Julian S. Schwinger
Shinichiro Tomonaga U.S
Japan
1966 Alfred Kastler Franch
1967 Hans A. Bethe U.S
1968 Luis W. Alvarez U.S
1969 Murray Gell-Mann U.S
1970 Louis Neel,br>Hammes Alfven France
Switzerland
1971 Dennis Gabor Britain
1972 John Bardeen
Leon N. Cooper
John R. Schrieffer U.S
1973 Ivar Giaever
Leo Esaki
Vrian D. Josephson U.S
Japan
Britain
1974 Martin Ryle, Antony Hewish Britain
1975 James Rainwater
Ben Mottelson
Aage Bohr U.S
U.S-Danish
Danish
1976 Burton Richter
Samuel C.C Ting U.S
1977 John H.Van Vleck,Philip W. Anderson
Nevill F. Mott U.S
Britain
1978 Pyotr Kapitsa
Arno Penzias, Robert Wilson USSR
U.S
1979 steven Weinberg, Sheldon L. Glashow
Abdus Salam U.S
Pakistan
1980 James W. Cronin
Val L. fitch U.S
1981 Nicolass Bloembergen, Arthur Schaalow
Kai M.Siegbahn U.S
Sweden
1982 Kenneth G. Wilson U.S
1983 Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar
William a. Fowler Indian U.S Citizen
U.S
1984 Carlo Rubbia
Simonvan der Meer Italy
Dutch
1985 Klaus von Klitzing West Germany
1986 Ernest Ruska,br>Gerd Binnig
Heinrich Rohrer Germany
West Germany
Swiss
1987 K.Alex Muller
J. Georg Bednorz Switzerland
West Germany
1988 Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Jack Steinberger U.S
1989 Norman F. Ramsey
Hans G. Dehmelt
Wo9lfgang Paul U.S.
Grmany-U.S.
Germany
1990 Richard E. Taylor
Jerome I. Griedman, Hendry W.Kendall Canada
U.S
1991 Pierre - Giles de Gennes France

1992 Georges Charpak Poland - France
1993 Joseph H. Taylor, Russell A. Hulse U.S.
1994 Bertram N. Brockhouse
Clifford G. Shull Canada
U.S
1995 Martin L. Perl of Standfrod University and Frederick Reins of the University of California Switzerland
U.S.
1996 David M.Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff, Robert C.Richardson U.S
1997 Steven Chu, William D. Phillips
Claude Cohen Tannoudji U.S.
France
1998 Prof. Robert B. Laughlin, Prof Horst L. Stormer, Prof. Daniel C. Tsui U.S
1999 Gerardus T. Hooft, Martinus J.D. Veltman Netherland
2000 Mr.Zhores I.Alferov
Herbert Kroemer
Jack Kilby Russia
German

2001 Eric A. Cornell
Wolfgang Ketterle
Carl E. Wieman
USA
German
USA
2002 Raymond Davis Jr.
Riccardo Giacconi
Masatoshi Koshiba USA
USA
Japan


Nobel Prize Winners - Chemistry

Year Name Country
1901 Jacobus H. Vant's Hoff Dutch
1902 Emil fischer Germany
1903 Svante A. Arrhenius Sweden
1904 Sir William Ramsay Britain
1905 Adolf von Beayer Germany
1906 Henri Moissan France
1907 Eduard Buchner Germany
1908 Ernest Rutherford Britain
1909 Wilhelm Ostwald Germany
1910 Otto Wallach Germany
1911 Marie Curie Poland
Franch
1912 Victor Grignard, Paul Sabatier Franch
1913 Alfred Werner Switzerland
1914 Theodore W. Richards U.S
1915 Richard M. Willstatter Germany
1918 Fritz Haber Germany
1920 Walther H. Nernst Germany
1921 Frederick Soddy Britain
1922 Francis W. Aston Britain
1923 Fritz Pregl Australia
1925 Richard A. Zsigmondy Germany
1926 theodor Svedberg sweden
1927 Heinrich O. Wieland Germany
1928 Adolf O. R. Windaus Germany
1929 Sir Arthur Harden
Han von Euler-Chelpin Britain
Sweden
1930 Hans Fischer Germany
1931 Friedrich Berguis, Karl Bosch Germany
1932 Irving Langmuir U.S
1934 Harold C. Urey U.S
1935 Frederic Joliot-Curie, Irene Joliot Curie Franch
1936 Peter J.W. Debyr Dutch
1937 Walter N. Haworth
Paul Karrer Britain
Swistzerland
1938 Richard Kuhn Germany
1939 Adolf F.J. Butenandt
Leopold Ruzicka Britain
switzerland
1943 Georg de Hevesy Hungary
1944 Otto Hahn Germany
1945 Artturi I, Virtanen Finnish
1946 James B. Summer, John H.Northrop, Wendell M. Stanley U.S
1947 Sir Robert Robinson Britain
1948 Arne W.K. Tiselius Sweden
1949 William F. Giauque Switzerland
1950 Kurt Alder, Otto P.H. Diels Germany
1951 Edwin M. McMillan, Glenn T. Seaborg U.S
1952 Archer J.P. Martin, Richard L.M. Synjge U.S
1953 Hermann Staudinger Germany
1954 Linus C. Pauling U.S
1955 Vincent du Vigneaud U.S
1956 Sir Cyril N. Hinshelwood,
Nikolai N. Semenov Britain
USSR
1957 Sir Alexander R. Todd Britain
1958 Frederick Sanger Britain
1959 Jarpslav Heyr9vsky Czech
1960 Willard F. Libby U.S
1961 Melvini calvin U.S
1962 John C. Kendrew, Max F. Perutz Britain
1963 Giulio Natta
Kal Ziegler Italy
Germany
1964 Dorothy C. Hodgkin Britain
1965 Robert B. Woodward U.S.
1966 Robert S.Mulliken U.S
1967 Manfred Eigen
Ronald G. W.Norrish, George Porter Germany
Britain
1968 Lars Onsager U.S
1969 Derek H.R. Barton
Odd Hassel Britain
Norway
1970 Luis F. Leloir
1971 Gerhard Herzberg Canada
1972 Chriistian B. Aninsen, Stanford Moore, William H.Stein U.S
1973 Ernst Otto Fischer
Geoffrey Wilkinson West Germany
Britain
1974 Paul J. Flory U.S
1975 John Cornforth, Austral
Vladimir Prelog, Yugo Britain
Switzerland
1976 William N. Lipscomb U.S
1977 Ilya Prigogine Belgium
1978 Peter Mitchell Britain
1979 Herbert C. Brown
Geroge Wittig Britain
U.S.
Germany
1980 Paul Berg, Walter Gilbert
Frederick Sanger U.S
U.K
1981 Kenichi Fukui
Roald Hoffmann Japan
U.S.
1982 Aaron Klug South Africa
1983 Henry Tabue Canada
1984 Bruce Merrifield U.S
1985 Herbert A. Hauptman, Jerome Karle U.S
1986 Dudley Herchbach, Yuan T. Lee,
John C. Polanyi U.S.
Canada
1987 Donald J. Cram, Charles J. Pepdersen
Jean-Marie Lehn Britain
U.S.
French
1988 Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber, Hartmut Michel West Germany
1989 Thomas R. Cech, Sidney Altman Britain
U.S
1990 Elias James Corey U.S
1991 Richard R. Ernst Switzerland
1992 RudolphA. Marcus Canada, U.S
1993 Kary B. Mullis Michael Smith U.S.
Britain-Canada
1994 George A.Olah U.S
1995 Paul Crutzeen
Mario Molina, F. Sherwood Roland Netherland
U.S
1996 Robert Curl Jr., Richard Smallery
Sir Harold Kroto U.S.
britain
1997 Paul Boyer
John Walker
Dane Jensskou U.S
Britain
Denmark
1998 Dr.Walter Kohn
Dr. John A. Pople Australia-U.S
Britain-U.S
1999 Ahmed Zewail USA
2000 Alan Heeger
Alan G. Macidiarmid
Hideki Shirakawa USA
USA
Japan
2001 William S. Knowles
Ryoji Noyori
K. Barry Sharpless
USA
Japan
USA
2002 John B. Fenn
Koichi Tanaka
Kurt Wüthrich USA
Japan
Switzerland


Nobel Prize Winners-Medicine & Physiology



Year Name Country
1901 Emil A. Von Behring Germany
1902 Sir Ronald Ross Britain
1903 Niels R. Finsen Danish
1904 Ivan P. Pavlov Russia
1905 Robert Koch Germany
1906 Camillo Golgi
Santiago Ramon Y Cajal Italy
Spain
1907 Charles L.A. Laveran France
1908 Paul Ehrlich
Elie Metchnikoff Germany
France
1909 Emil T. Kocher Switzerland
1910 Albrecht Kossel Grmany
1911 Allvar Gullstrand Sweden
1912 Alexis Carrel France
1913 Charles R. Richet France
1914 Robert Barany Australia
1919 Jules Border Belgium
1920 Schack A.S.Krogh Dan
1922 Archibald V. Hill
Otto F. Meyerhof Britain
Germany
1923 Frederick G. Banting
John J.R.Macleod Canada
Scotland
1924 willem Einthoven Dutch
1926 Johannes A.G Fibiger Dan
1927 JUllius Wagner-Jauregg Australia
1928 Charles J.H. Nicolle France
1929 Christiaan Eijkman
Sir Frederick G.Hopkings Dutch
Britain
1930 Karl Landsteiner U.S
1931 Otto H. Warburg Germany
1932 Edgar D. Adrian, Sir Charles S. Sherrington Britain
1933 Thomas H.organ U.S.
1934 George R. Minot, William P. Murphy, G.H. Whipple U.S.
1935 Hans Spemann Germany
1936 Sir Henry H. Dale
Otto Lowei Britain
U.S.
1937 Albert Szent-Gyorgyl Honkong-U.S.
1938 Cornelle J.F. Heymans Belgium
1939 Gerhard Domagk Germany
1943 Henrik C.P. Dam
Edward A. Doisy Dan
U.S.
1944 Joseph Erlanger, Herbert S.Gasser U.S.
1945 Ernst B. Chain Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Howard W. Florey Britain
1946 Hermann J.Muller U.S.
1947 Carl F.Cori, Gerty T. Cormboth
Bernardo A. Houssay U.S.
Aregentina
1948 Paul H. Muller Switzweland
1949 Walter R. Hess, Switzerland
1950 Philip S. Hench, Edward C. Kendall
Tadeus reichstein U.S.
Switzerland
1951 Max Theiler U.S
1952 Selman A. Waksman U.S.
1953 Hans A. Krebs
Fritz A. Lipmann Britain
U.S.
1954 John F.Enders, Frederick C. Robbins, Thomas H. Weller U.S
1955 AlexH.T Theorell Sweden
1956 Andre F. Coumand,Dickinson W.Richards Jr.
Wener Forssmann U.S.
Germany
1957 Daniel Bovet Italy
1958 George W. Beadle, Edward L. Tatum, Joshua Lederberg U.S.
1959 Arthur Kornberg, Severo Ochoa U.S.
1960 Sir F MacFarlane Bument
Peter B. Medawar Australia
Britain
1961 Georg von Bekesy U.S.
1962 Francis H.C.rick, Maurice H.F. Wilkins
James D. Wastson Britain
U.S.
1963 Sir John C.Eccles
Alan L. Hodgkin, Andrew F. Huxley Australia
Britain
1964 Konard E.Bloch
Feodor Letnen U.S
Germany
1965 Francois Jacob, Andre Lwoff, Jsvquew Monod France
1966 Charles B. Huggins, Francis Peyton Rous U.S.
1967 Ragnar Granit
Haldan Keffer Hartline, George Wals Sweden
U.S.
1968 Robert W. Holly, Marshall W. Nirenberg
H. Gobind Khorana U.S.
Indian U.S. citizen
1969 Max Delbruck, Alfred D. Hershey, Salvador Luria U.S.
1970 Julius Axelrod
Sir Bernard Katz
Ulfvon Euler U.S.
Britain
Sweden
1971 Earl W. Sutherland Jr. U.S.
1972 Gerald M. Edelman,
Rodney R.Porter U.S.
Britain
1973 Karl Von Frisch
Konrad Lorenz
Nikolass Tinbergen Geramny
Germany-Australia
Britain
1974 Albert Claude, Lux
George Emil Palade
Christian Rene De Duve U.S.
Rom-U.S.
Belgium
1975 Davidaltimore, Howard Temin
Renato Dulbecco U.S.Italy-U.S
1976 Baruch S.Blumberg, Daniel Carleton Gajdusek U.S.
1977 Rosalyn S. Yalow, Roger C.L. Guilemin, Andrew V. Schaly U.S.
1978 Daniel Nathans, Hamilton O.Smith
Werner Arber U.S.
Switzerland
1979 Alian M. Cormack
Geoffrey N. Hounsfield U.S.
Britain
1980 Baruj Benacerraf, George Snell
Jean Dausset U.S
France
1981 Roger W. Sperry, David H. Hubel, Tosten N. Wisel U.S.
1982 Sune Bergstrom, Bengt Samuelsson
John R.Vane Sweden
Britan
1983 Barbara McClintock U.S.
1984 Cesar Milstein,
Georges J.F. Koehler
Niels K. Jerne, Britain-Argentina
Germany
Britain
1985 Michael S. Brown, Joseph L. Goldstein U.S.
1986 Rita Levi-Montalcini
Stanley Cohen Italy-U.S.
U.S.
1987 Susumu Tonegawa Japan
1988 Gertrude B. Elion, GEorge H. Hitchings
Sir James Black U.S.
Britain
1989 J. Michael Bishop, Harold E. Varmus U.S.
1990 Joseph E. Murray,E. Donnall Thomas U.S.
1991 Edwin Neher, Beryt Sakmann Germany
1992 Edmond H. Fisher, Edwin G. Krebs
Stanley Cohen U.S.
1993 Philip A.Sharp
Richard J. Roberts U.S.
Britain
1994 Alfred Q. Gilman, Martin Rodbell U.S.
1995 Edward Lewis, Eric Wieschaus
Christiane Nusslein Volhard U.S.
Germany
1996 Peter Doherty
Rolf Zinkernagel Australia
Switzerland
1997 Staneley Prusiner U.S.
1998 Robert F.Furchgott, Louis J.Ignarro, Ferid Murad U.S.
1999 Guenter Blobel USA
2000 Dr.Arvid Carlsson
Dr.Paul Greengard
Dr.Eric Kandel Sweden
U.S
U.S
2001 Leland H. Hartwell
Tim Hunt
Sir Paul Nurse USA
UK
UK
2002 Sydney Brenner
H. Robert Horvitz
John E. Sulston UK
USA
UK


Nobel Prize Winners Peace

Year Name Country
1901 Jean H. Dunant
Frederic Paassy Switzerland
France
1902 Elie Ducommum, Chales A. Gobat Switzerland
1903 Sir William R. Cremer Britain
1904 Institute of International law
1905 Baroness Bertha von Suttner Australia
1906 Theodore Roosevelt U.S.
1907 Ernesto T. Moneta
Louis Renault Italy
France
1908 Klas P.Arnoldson
Fredr5ik Bajer Sweden
Danish
1909 Auguste M.F. Beernaert
Paul H.B.B.d'Estournelles de Constant Belgium
France
1910 Permanent Internatiol Peace Bureau
1911 Tobias M.C. Asser
Alfred H.Fried Dutch
Australia
1912 Elihu Root U.S.
1913 Henri La Fontaine Belgium
1917 International Red Cross
1919 Woodrow Wilson U.S.
1920 Leon V.A. Bourgeois France
1921 Karl H. Branting
Christian L.Lange Sweden
Norway
1922 Fridtjof Nansen Norway
1925 Sir J. Austen Chamberlain
Chstlrd G. Dawes
U.S.
1926 Aristide Briand
Gustav Stresemann France
Germany
1927 Ferdinand E. Buisson
Ludwig Quidde France
Germany
1929 Frank B. Kellogg U.S.
1930 Nathan Soderblom Sweden
1931 Jane Addams, Nicholas Murray Butler U.S.
1933 Sir Norman Angell Britain
1934 Arthur Henderson Britain
1935 Carl von Ossietzky Germany
1936 Carlos de Saavedra Lamas Argentina
1937 Viscount Cecil of Chelwood Britain
1938 Nansen International Office for Refugees
1944 International Red Cross
1945 Cordell Hull U.S.
1946 Emily G. Balch, John R. Mott U.S.
1947 Friends Service Council
American Friends Service Committee Britain
U.S.
1949 Lord John Boyd Orr of Brechin Mearns Britain
1950 Ralph J. Bunche U.S.
1951 Leon Jouhaux France
1952 Albert Schweitzer France
1953 George C. Marshall U.S.
1954 Office of the UN hign Commissioner of Refugees Sw
1957 Lester B. Pearson Canada
1958 Georges Pire Belgium
1959 Philip J. Noel-Baker Britain
1960 Albert J.Luthuil South African
1961 Dag Hammarskjold Sweden
1962 Linus C. Pauling U.S.
1963 International Red Cross, League of Red Cross Societies
1964 Martin Luther King Jordon-U.S.
1965 U.N. Children's Fund(UNICEF)
1968 Rene Cassin Franch
1969 Internationa Labour Organisation
1970 Norman E. Borlaug U.S.
1971 Willy Brandt West Germany
1973 Henry Kissinger
Le Due Tho, N.Vietmamese U.S.
1974 Eisaku Sato
Sean MacBride Japan
Iran
1975 Andrei Sakharov USSR
1976 Mairead Corrigan, Betty Williams N. Iran
1977 Amnesty International
1978 Anwar Sadat,
Menachem Begin England
Isreal
1979 Mother Teresa Albanian - Indian
1980 Adolfo Perez Esquivel Argentina
1981 Office of UN high Commissioner for Refugees
1982 Alva Myrdal
Alfonso Garcia Robles Swedish
Mexico
1983 Lech Walesa Poland
1984 Bishop Desmond Tutu South Africa
1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War U.S.
1986 Elie Wiesel Romanian-U.S.
1987 Oscar Arias Sanchez Costa Rican
1988 United NationsPeace keeping Forces
1989 Dalai Lama Tibetan
1990 Mikhail S. Gorbachev USSR
1991 Aung San Suu Kyi Myanmarese
1992 Rigoberta Menchu Guatemalan
1993 Frederik W.de Klerk, Nelson Mandela South Arican
1994 Yasir Arafat
Shimon Peres, Yitzhak Rabin Palestine
Isreal
1995 Joseph Rotblat U.K.
1996 Roman Catholic Bishop Carlos Filipe Ximenes Nelo East Tomor
1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)
and its coordinator Jody Williams
1998 David Trimble, Jonh Hume Netherland
2000 Kim Dae-Jung South Korea
2001 United Nations Kofi Annan
Ghana
2002 Jimmy Carter


Nobel Prize Winners - Literature



Year Name Country
1901 Rene F.A. Sully Prudhomme Franch
1902 Theodor Mommsen Germany
1903 Bjornsterne Bjornson Norway
1904 Frederic Mistral
Jose Echegaray Franch
Spain
1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz Poland
1906 Giosue Carducci Italy
1907 Rudyard Kipling Britain
1908 Rudolf C. Eucken Germany
1909 Selma Lagerlof Sweden
1910 Paul J.L.Heyse Germany
1911 Maurice Maeterlinck Belgium
1912 Gerhart Hauptmann Germany
1913 Rabindranath Tagore India
1915 Romain Rolland France
1916 Verner von Heidenstam Sweden
1917 Karl A. Gjellerup, Henrik Pontoppidan Danish
1919 Carl F.G. Spitteler Switzerland
1920 Kunt Hamsun Norway
1921 Anatolle France France
1922 Jacinto Benavente Spanish
1923 William Butker Iran
1924 Wladyslaw S. Reymont Poland
1925 George Bernard Shaw Iran-Britain
1926 Grazia Deledda Itally
1927 Henri Bergson France
1928 Sigrid Undset Norway
1929 Thomas Mann German
1930 Sinclair Lewis U.S.
1931 Erik A. Karlfeldt Sweden
1932 John Galsworthy Britain
1933 Ivan A. Bunin USSR
1934 Luigi Pirandello Italy
1936 Eugene O'Neill U.S.
1937 Roger Martin de Gard France
1938 Pearl S.Buck U.S.
1939 Frans E. Sillanpa Finnish
1944 Johannes V. Jensen Danish
1945 Gabriels Mistral Chilean
1946 Hermann Hesse Switzwerland
1947 Andre Gide France
1948 T.S.Eliot Britain
1949 william Fauljner U.S.
1950 Bertrand Russell Britain
1951 RarF.Lagerkvist Sweden
1952 Francois Mauriac France
1953 Sir Winston Churchill Britain
1954 Ernest Hemingway U.S.
1955 Halldor K. Laxness Icelandic
1956 Juan Ramon Jimenez Spain
1957 Albert Camus France
1958 Boris L.Pasternak USSR
1959 Salvatore Quasimodo Italy
1960 Saint-John Perse France
1961 Ivo Andric Yugoslavia
1962 John Steinbeck U.S.
1963 Giorgos Seferis
1964 Jean Paul Sartre France
1965 Mikhail Sholokhov USSR
1966 Samuel Joseph Agnon
Nelly Sachs Isreal
Sweden
1967 Muguel Angel Asturias Guate
1968 Yasunari Kawabata Japan
1969 Samuel Beckett Iran
1970 Aleksandr I. Solzhenisyn USSR
1971 Pablo Neruda Chilean
1972 Heinrich Boll West Germany
1973 Patrick White Austral
1974 Eyvind Johnson, Harry Edmund Martinson Sweden
1975 Eugenio Montale Italy
1976 Saul Bellow U.S.
1977 Vicente Aleixandre Spain
1978 Isaac Bashevis Singer U.S.
1979 Odysseus Elytis Gk
1980 Czerslaw Milosz Poland-U.S.
1981 Elias Canetti Bulgium-Britain
1982 Gabriel HGarcia Marquez Colombian-Mexico
1983 William Golding Britain
1984 Jaroslav Siefert Czech
1985 Claude Simon France
1986 Wole Soyinka Nigerian
1987 Joseph Brodsky USSR-U.S.
1988 Naguib Mahfouz England
1989 Camilo Jose Cela Spain
1990 Octavio Paz Mexico
1991 Nadine Gordimer South Africa
1992 Derek Walcott West India
1993 Toni Morrison U.S.
1994 Kenzaburo Oe Japan
1995 Seamus Heaney Iran
1996 Wislawa zymorska Poland
1997 Dario Fo Italy
1998 Jose Saramago Portugal
1999 Gunter Grass Germany
2000 Gao Xingjian China
2001 V.S. Naipaul
2002 Imre Kertész


Nobel Prize Winners - Economics

Year Name Country
1969 Ragnar Frisch
Jan Tinbergen Norwegian
Dutch
1970 Paul A.Samuelson U.S.
1971 Simon Kuznets U.S.
1972 Kenneth J. Arrow
John R. Hicks U.S.
Britain
1973 Wassily Leontief U.S.
1974 Gunnar Myrdal
Friedrich A.von Hayek Sweden
Australia
1975 Tjalling Koopmans
Leonid Kantorovich Dutch-U.S
USSR
1976 Milton Friedman U.S.
1977 Bertil Ohlin
James E. Meade Swedish
Britain
1978 Herbert A. Simon U.S.
1979 Theodore W. Schultz
Sir Arthur Lewis U.S.
Britain
1980 Lawrence R. Klein U.S.
1981 James Tobin U.S.
1982 George J. Stigler U.S.
1983 Gerard Debreu France - U.S.
1984 Richard Stone Britain
1985 Franco Modigliani Italy - U.S.
1986 James M.Buchanan U.S.
1987 Robert M. Solow U.S.
1988 Maurice Allais France
1989 Trygve Haavelmo Norway
1990 Harry M. Markowitz William F. Sharpe, Merton H. Miller U.S.
1991 Ronald H.Coase Britain - U.S
1992 Gary S.Becker U.S.
1993 Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C. North U.S.
1994 John C. Harsanyi, John F. Nash U.S.
1995 Robert W. Fogel, Douglass C.Norht U.S.
1996 James A. Mirrlees
William Vickrey Uk
Canada
1997 Robert C. Merton, Myron S.Scholes U.S.
1998 Amarty Sen India
1999 Robert Mundell Canada
2000 James J. Heckman
Daniel L. McFadden USA
USA
2001 George A. Akerlof
A. Michael Spence
Joseph E. Stiglitz USA
USA
USA
2002 Daniel Kahneman
Vernon L. Smith USA
USA

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